Trump warns about Libya meddling after Turkey votes to send troops
Donald Trump warned his Turkish counterpart that “foreign interference is complicating the situation in Libya”, after Ankara voted to send troops to the oil-rich North African state.
Mr Trump spoke to Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the Turkish president, on Thursday after Turkey’s parliament approved a year-long mandate to dispatch armed forces to prop up the ailing government of Libyan prime minister Fayez al-Sarraj.
While Mr Sarraj’s government of national accord is recognised by the UN as the legitimate authority in Libya, it has been struggling to fend off an offensive on Tripoli, the Libyan capital, by forces loyal to military strongman Khalifa Haftar.
Tripoli made the request for military support from Turkey to help it counter Gen Haftar’s assault last week, making formal for the first time one part of a tangled web of foreign interests.
Gen Haftar controls most of Libya and is backed by Turkey’s regional rivals Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, as well as Russia.
“President Trump pointed out that foreign interference is complicating the situation in Libya,” the White House said in a statement following the telephone call on Thursday.
Although the US officially supports the UN peace process that underpins Mr Sarraj’s government, which Turkish troops are intended to buttress, Mr Trump has previously praised Gen Haftar’s efforts to counter terrorism and secure oil resources. The comments have been seen by some as coming close to endorsing Gen Haftar, counter to official US policy.
“The United States supports the ongoing efforts of UN special representative Ghassan Salamé and the UN Support Mission in Libya to chart a path that provides security and prosperity for all Libyans,” a US state department official said on Thursday, adding that external actors “must stop fuelling the conflict”.
“All countries must refrain from exacerbating the civil conflict and support a return to the UN-facilitated political process,” the official said.
Mr Erdogan has previously said that Turkey would do what it could to help the “legitimate government of Libya”, which he said was under attack from a “warlord”.
Turkish officials have not specified exactly what type of military support they will provide to Tripoli. Speaking the day before the vote, Fuat Oktay, Turkey’s vice-president, suggested the dispatch of troops may not be necessary if the motion forced Gen Haftar and his supporters to back down.
But Mr Oktay also said Turkey would send “the necessary number [of troops] whenever there is a need”.
Analysts said Turkish intervention could restore some equilibrium to a conflict that relies on tangible but often covert support, and which has so far largely favoured Gen Haftar’s troops.
Ankara has already sent drones and armoured vehicles to the Sarraj government, according to a recent UN Security Council report that found Turkey was one of several countries — along with Jordan and the UAE — that “routinely and sometimes blatantly” supplied weapons to parties in the conflict, in violation of a UN embargo.
The increased Turkish support for the internationally recognised government comes after hundreds of Russian forces from Wagner private security group have been fighting alongside Gen Haftar’s forces. There have also been reports in Libya that Turkey last month deployed fighters from a Syrian militia to the north African state.
However, an overt Turkish presence on the ground in Libya would mark a significant escalation in the conflict and draw Ankara deeper into yet another foreign battlefield just months after it launched a contentious military operation in north-east Syria.
It is also likely to increase divisions between Washington and Ankara. Mr Trump faced a fierce backlash in October after effectively giving the green light to a Turkish military operation in Syria. He is under pressure from Republican members of Congress — who are threatening to impose sanctions on Ankara — to take a tougher stance towards Mr Erdogan on a range of issues, including a regional dispute over gas in the eastern Mediterranean.
Libya was drawn into the tense battle over hydrocarbons last month when it signed an agreement with Turkey that demarcated new maritime boundaries between the two countries, angering Greece and Cyprus. On Thursday those two nations signed an agreement with Israel that will lay the groundwork for a gas pipeline that connects its offshore fields with Europe — bypassing Turkey.
Speaking at the signing ceremony, Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel’s prime minister, said the agreement furthered the “real eastern Mediterranean alliance, which is also economic, political and also adds to the security and stability of the region. It is not against anyone, but is for the values and the benefit of the citizens of our countries”.
The UAE, Saudi Arabia and Egypt have also become increasingly angered by what they view as Turkey’s meddling in the Arab world, from its perceived support for Islamist groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood to its intervention in north-east Syria and its backing of Qatar in a more than two-year dispute between rival Gulf states.
Egypt, whose ties with Ankara have been deeply strained, said it condemned the Turkish parliamentary vote “in the strongest terms”.
Cairo, which backs Gen Haftar, warned that any Turkish military intervention in Libya would have a “negative impact” on stability in the Mediterranean and accused Ankara of supporting terrorist organisations in the country.
Thursday’s vote came ahead of a planned visit to Turkey next week by Vladimir Putin, the Russian president. While Mr Erdogan has forged increasingly close ties with Moscow in recent years, Turkey and Russia back opposing sides in the Libyan conflict, as well in the long-running civil war in Syria.